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中国体育报 | 落实全民健身国家战略 推动健康中国建设——《“十四五”体育发展规划》全民健身内容解读
时间:2020-11-19  

全(quan)(quan)(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)是(shi)增强人民(min)体魄(po)、追求(qiu)健(jian)(jian)(jian)康生活的基础和保障,是(shi)实现(xian)(xian)国民(min)主(zhu)(zhu)动健(jian)(jian)(jian)康的核心(xin)力(li)量。“十四五(wu)”时期(qi)是(shi)把全(quan)(quan)(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)国家战略落实落细的关键时期(qi),整(zheng)个全(quan)(quan)(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)工作(zuo)要以(yi)高质量发展(zhan)为主(zhu)(zhu)题,既要承上启下巩固提升全(quan)(quan)(quan)面建成(cheng)小康社(she)会(hui)(hui)阶段的全(quan)(quan)(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)发展(zhan)成(cheng)果,又要深入落实为建设社(she)会(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)现(xian)(xian)代(dai)化(hua)强国夯实健(jian)(jian)(jian)康基础的新(xin)要求(qiu)。《“十四五(wu)”体育发展(zhan)规划》(以(yi)下简称《规划》)中(zhong)关于全(quan)(quan)(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)的部署鲜明体现(xian)(xian)了上述要求(qiu)。

 

一、以构建更高水平的全民健身公共服务体系承上启下

完善全(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)公共服(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)(wu)体系(xi),不(bu)断提(ti)(ti)高(gao)全(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)公共服(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)(wu)水(shui)平,是(shi)我国体育事业(ye)发展(zhan)的(de)(de)中心工(gong)作。多年来,我们坚持(chi)共建(jian)共享的(de)(de)原则,不(bu)断提(ti)(ti)高(gao)全(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)公共服(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)(wu)均等化水(shui)平,到2020年,与(yu)全(quan)面建(jian)成小康社(she)会相(xiang)适(shi)应(ying)的(de)(de)全(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)公共服(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)(wu)体系(xi)基本建(jian)成,但与(yu)人民(min)日益(yi)增长的(de)(de)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)需求比较(jiao),也存在全(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)公共服(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)(wu)供给不(bu)充分(fen)(fen)与(yu)不(bu)平衡问题(ti)。《规划》为我们呈现(xian)了更(geng)高(gao)水(shui)平的(de)(de)全(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)公共服(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)(wu)体系(xi)蓝图,即体制(zhi)机制(zhi)更(geng)灵活(huo)(huo)、要素支(zhi)撑更(geng)强大、资源分(fen)(fen)布更(geng)均衡、健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)设(she)施更(geng)便捷、赛事活(huo)(huo)动更(geng)丰富、体育组(zu)织更(geng)健(jian)(jian)(jian)全(quan)、健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)指(zhi)(zhi)导更(geng)科学、群众参与(yu)更(geng)广泛。围绕构建(jian)更(geng)高(gao)水(shui)平的(de)(de)全(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)公共服(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)(wu)体系(xi),从广泛开展(zhan)全(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)活(huo)(huo)动、推进全(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)场地设(she)施建(jian)设(she)、提(ti)(ti)高(gao)科学健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)指(zhi)(zhi)导水(shui)平三个方(fang)面提(ti)(ti)出(chu)了具(ju)体任务(wu)(wu)(wu)措施,特别是(shi)创新(xin)性地提(ti)(ti)出(chu)“五大工(gong)程”,使构建(jian)更(geng)高(gao)水(shui)平的(de)(de)全(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)公共服(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)(wu)体系(xi)更(geng)接地气(qi),抓住(zhu)了解(jie)决全(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)公共服(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)(wu)供给不(bu)充分(fen)(fen)与(yu)不(bu)平衡问题(ti)的(de)(de)“牛鼻子”。

构建(jian)更高(gao)水平的(de)全民(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)身公(gong)共(gong)服(fu)务(wu)(wu)体(ti)系(xi),要求建(jian)立国家标准(zhun)与地方标准(zhun)相(xiang)融合的(de)全民(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)身公(gong)共(gong)服(fu)务(wu)(wu)标准(zhun)体(ti)系(xi),国家标准(zhun)保证(zheng)全民(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)身公(gong)共(gong)服(fu)务(wu)(wu)的(de)“下(xia)限(xian)”,有(you)条件的(de)地方尽量提高(gao)其“上(shang)限(xian)”,并(bing)以全民(min)(min)运动健(jian)(jian)身模范市、县(市、区)创建(jian)为抓(zhua)手,从整体(ti)上(shang)构建(jian)出更高(gao)水平的(de)全民(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)身公(gong)共(gong)服(fu)务(wu)(wu)体(ti)系(xi)。

 

二、以推动全民健身与全民健康深度融合夯实健康基础

推动全(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)健(jian)身和(he)全(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)健(jian)康(kang)深度(du)融(rong)(rong)合,是我国(guo)(guo)卫(wei)生与(yu)(yu)健(jian)康(kang)工作由“以治病为中(zhong)心(xin)”向“以健(jian)康(kang)为中(zhong)心(xin)”转变对全(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)健(jian)身和(he)全(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)健(jian)康(kang)两(liang)大(da)民(min)(min)生工程提(ti)出的(de)新要求(qiu)。《规划》从完善(shan)全(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)健(jian)身与(yu)(yu)全(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)健(jian)康(kang)深度(du)融(rong)(rong)合的(de)协同联(lian)动机制,细化落实(shi)专(zhuan)项行(xing)动计划;建立运动促(cu)(cu)进(jin)健(jian)康(kang)新模式,开(kai)展运动健(jian)康(kang)促(cu)(cu)进(jin)中(zhong)心(xin)试(shi)点(dian)工作;加强人才培(pei)养,建立体卫(wei)融(rong)(rong)合重点(dian)实(shi)验室(shi),完善(shan)运动处方库;开(kai)展老(lao)年(nian)人非(fei)医疗健(jian)康(kang)干(gan)预等方面提(ti)出任务要求(qiu)。使全(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)健(jian)身与(yu)(yu)中(zhong)国(guo)(guo)实(shi)现“两(liang)个一(yi)百年(nian)”奋斗目标相契合,为实(shi)现中(zhong)华民(min)(min)族伟大(da)复兴的(de)中(zhong)国(guo)(guo)梦奠定坚实(shi)的(de)健(jian)康(kang)基石。

深(shen)(shen)入推(tui)动全(quan)(quan)民(min)健(jian)身与(yu)(yu)全(quan)(quan)民(min)健(jian)康(kang)深(shen)(shen)度(du)融合(he)要(yao)贯彻和(he)落实(shi)“以人(ren)民(min)健(jian)康(kang)为中心”的大健(jian)康(kang)观(guan)、大卫(wei)生观(guan),把全(quan)(quan)民(min)健(jian)身纳入各级政府大健(jian)康(kang)治理体(ti)系(xi),综合(he)运(yun)用政策(ce)引导、资(zi)金支持(chi)、政绩评价和(he)表(biao)彰(zhang)激励等手(shou)段,切实(shi)推(tui)进(jin)(jin)相关(guan)工(gong)作。建(jian)立全(quan)(quan)民(min)健(jian)身与(yu)(yu)全(quan)(quan)民(min)健(jian)康(kang)深(shen)(shen)度(du)融合(he)的职业资(zi)格认证制度(du),形成高(gao)校(xiao)人(ren)才培养(yang)与(yu)(yu)就业的良(liang)性循环。完善有利于促进(jin)(jin)全(quan)(quan)民(min)健(jian)身与(yu)(yu)全(quan)(quan)民(min)健(jian)康(kang)深(shen)(shen)度(du)融合(he)的政策(ce)法规,实(shi)现全(quan)(quan)民(min)健(jian)身与(yu)(yu)全(quan)(quan)民(min)健(jian)康(kang)深(shen)(shen)度(du)融合(he)的规范化(hua)(hua)、制度(du)化(hua)(hua)和(he)程序化(hua)(hua)。鼓励基(ji)层(ceng)改革创新(xin)大胆(dan)探索,建(jian)立体(ti)卫(wei)协同、全(quan)(quan)社会共同参(can)与(yu)(yu)的运(yun)动促进(jin)(jin)健(jian)康(kang)新(xin)模式。

 

三、以智慧化赋能推进全民健身高质量发展

全(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)智慧(hui)化是实(shi)(shi)现(xian)(xian)(xian)全(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)服(fu)务(wu)(wu)精准化、便捷化,培育(yu)全(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)新业(ye)态(tai),推进全(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)资源整合(he)、共享的(de)重要途径。《规(gui)划》从推进“互联网+健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)”“物联网+健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)”;创建(jian)(jian)数字(zi)(zi)化全(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)服(fu)务(wu)(wu)平台(tai);推动(dong)建(jian)(jian)立国家、省(sheng)(区(qu)、市)、市三级互联互通(tong)的(de)全(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)信息服(fu)务(wu)(wu)平台(tai);试点开(kai)展“全(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)运动(dong)码”等(deng)(deng)方面提出任务(wu)(wu)举措。“十四五(wu)”时期(qi),各(ge)地要把握(wo)数字(zi)(zi)化转型的(de)新趋势,围绕数据(ju)(ju)(ju)采集(ji)、模型算法、应(ying)用(yong)(yong)(yong)场(chang)(chang)景(jing)等(deng)(deng)关键(jian)问题,大(da)力(li)提升体(ti)育(yu)场(chang)(chang)地设施(shi)的(de)智慧(hui)化水平,实(shi)(shi)现(xian)(xian)(xian)对(dui)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)场(chang)(chang)景(jing)的(de)科学(xue)(xue)管(guan)理、安(an)全(quan)(quan)监控、及时维护,自动(dong)采集(ji)和分(fen)析群(qun)众健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)数据(ju)(ju)(ju),增强健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)场(chang)(chang)景(jing)对(dui)群(qun)众健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)的(de)吸引力(li);从基础(chu)设施(shi)、接口(kou)、业(ye)务(wu)(wu)、数据(ju)(ju)(ju)、安(an)全(quan)(quan)和管(guan)理等(deng)(deng)方面,形成(cheng)全(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)信息服(fu)务(wu)(wu)平台(tai)的(de)建(jian)(jian)设标准和管(guan)理规(gui)范,实(shi)(shi)现(xian)(xian)(xian)不同(tong)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)场(chang)(chang)景(jing)的(de)数据(ju)(ju)(ju)融合(he)、业(ye)务(wu)(wu)协(xie)同(tong)、互联互通(tong)、服(fu)务(wu)(wu)主(zhu)动(dong),满足使用(yong)(yong)(yong)者(zhe)(zhe)(zhe)、监管(guan)者(zhe)(zhe)(zhe)、服(fu)务(wu)(wu)者(zhe)(zhe)(zhe)的(de)需(xu)要;加强全(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)大(da)数据(ju)(ju)(ju)的(de)采集(ji)与应(ying)用(yong)(yong)(yong),进行全(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)效应(ying)的(de)长期(qi)跟踪和数据(ju)(ju)(ju)挖掘,切实(shi)(shi)解(jie)决健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)促进健(jian)(jian)(jian)康效益无(wu)法定量(liang)评估问题,发(fa)现(xian)(xian)(xian)体(ti)育(yu)领域的(de)新现(xian)(xian)(xian)象,揭示全(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)发(fa)展的(de)新规(gui)律。(上海体(ti)育(yu)学(xue)(xue)院卢文云/文 部分(fen)图片(pian)转自新华社 戴天骄制(zhi)作)

 

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