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上观 | 聚焦十九届六中全会 | 马克思主义六大特性深度诠释“马克思主义为什么行
时间:2020-11-17  

为学(xue)(xue)(xue)习贯彻党(dang)(dang)的(de)(de)十九届(jie)六(liu)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)全(quan)会精(jing)神,研(yan)究阐释(shi)一(yi)百年来(lai)党(dang)(dang)团结带领中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)人民开(kai)辟的(de)(de)伟大(da)(da)(da)道路(lu)、创(chuang)造的(de)(de)伟大(da)(da)(da)事业、取得(de)的(de)(de)伟大(da)(da)(da)成就(jiu)和积累的(de)(de)宝贵经验(yan),11月12日下(xia)午,由上(shang)海(hai)(hai)体(ti)育学(xue)(xue)(xue)院(yuan)主办,党(dang)(dang)委宣(xuan)传(chuan)部、马克思主义(yi)(yi)学(xue)(xue)(xue)院(yuan)和中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)特(te)色社会主义(yi)(yi)体(ti)育强国(guo)建设研(yan)究中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(上(shang)海(hai)(hai)市(shi)马克思主义(yi)(yi)理论(lun)智库)联合承办的(de)(de)“回首百年奋斗(dou)路(lu) 迈向复兴新征程——党(dang)(dang)的(de)(de)十九届(jie)六(liu)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)全(quan)会精(jing)神专(zhuan)题学(xue)(xue)(xue)习会暨学(xue)(xue)(xue)术研(yan)讨会”举行。来(lai)自中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)浦东干部学(xue)(xue)(xue)院(yuan)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共上(shang)海(hai)(hai)市(shi)委党(dang)(dang)校、国(guo)防大(da)(da)(da)学(xue)(xue)(xue)政治学(xue)(xue)(xue)院(yuan)、上(shang)海(hai)(hai)体(ti)育学(xue)(xue)(xue)院(yuan)等(deng)理论(lun)界、学(xue)(xue)(xue)术界的(de)(de)专(zhuan)家学(xue)(xue)(xue)者齐聚一(yi)堂,开(kai)展六(liu)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)全(quan)会精(jing)神专(zhuan)题学(xue)(xue)(xue)习和学(xue)(xue)(xue)术研(yan)讨。

坚持唯物史观和正确党史观的辩证统一

中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共上海(hai)市委宣传部(bu)原副部(bu)长李琪教授认(ren)为,六中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)全会通过的《中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)央关于党(dang)(dang)(dang)的百(bai)(bai)年奋(fen)斗重大(da)(da)成(cheng)就(jiu)和历(li)(li)史(shi)经验(yan)的决(jue)议(yi)(yi)(yi)》(以(yi)下简(jian)称《决(jue)议(yi)(yi)(yi)》),全面总结(jie)党(dang)(dang)(dang)的百(bai)(bai)年奋(fen)斗重大(da)(da)成(cheng)就(jiu)和历(li)(li)史(shi)经验(yan),深(shen)刻展(zhan)示(shi)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国特(te)(te)色社(she)会主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)进(jin)入新时(shi)(shi)代(dai)的历(li)(li)史(shi)性成(cheng)就(jiu)和历(li)(li)史(shi)性变(bian)革,是(shi)一篇(pian)具有(you)划时(shi)(shi)代(dai)意(yi)义(yi)(yi)(yi)的马(ma)克思主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)的纲领性文献。《决(jue)议(yi)(yi)(yi)》在总结(jie)党(dang)(dang)(dang)领导(dao)人(ren)民百(bai)(bai)年奋(fen)斗的重大(da)(da)成(cheng)就(jiu)和历(li)(li)史(shi)经验(yan)时(shi)(shi),坚(jian)持(chi)从唯物史(shi)观的立场、观点、方法出(chu)发(fa),全面考察(cha)并提出(chu)百(bai)(bai)年党(dang)(dang)(dang)史(shi)宏大(da)(da)历(li)(li)史(shi)进(jin)程(cheng)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)各个历(li)(li)史(shi)时(shi)(shi)期的时(shi)(shi)代(dai)课题、主(zhu)(zhu)要任务、伟(wei)大(da)(da)成(cheng)就(jiu)、民族复兴史(shi)上的伟(wei)大(da)(da)飞(fei)跃、马(ma)克思主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国化的历(li)(li)史(shi)性飞(fei)跃和新飞(fei)跃等具有(you)重大(da)(da)创新意(yi)义(yi)(yi)(yi)的新论述,充分体现(xian)坚(jian)持(chi)唯物史(shi)观和正(zheng)确党(dang)(dang)(dang)史(shi)观的辩证(zheng)统(tong)一、科学(xue)性和党(dang)(dang)(dang)性的辩证(zheng)统(tong)一、实(shi)事求是(shi)和与时(shi)(shi)俱进(jin)的辩证(zheng)统(tong)一。我(wo)们要全面、系统(tong)学(xue)习(xi)领会《决(jue)议(yi)(yi)(yi)》精神,全面贯(guan)彻习(xi)近平新时(shi)(shi)代(dai)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国特(te)(te)色社(she)会主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)思想,增强贯(guan)彻《决(jue)议(yi)(yi)(yi)》、推进(jin)新时(shi)(shi)代(dai)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国特(te)(te)色社(she)会主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)发(fa)展(zhan)的理论自(zi)觉、历(li)(li)史(shi)自(zi)觉和行(xing)动自(zi)觉,以(yi)史(shi)为鉴、开(kai)创未来,埋(mai)头苦(ku)干(gan)、勇毅前行(xing),为实(shi)现(xian)第(di)二个百(bai)(bai)年奋(fen)斗目标、实(shi)现(xian)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)华(hua)民族伟(wei)大(da)(da)复兴的中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国梦而不(bu)懈奋(fen)斗。

四个伟大成就与四个伟大飞跃

中(zhong)国浦东干部学(xue)院副院长刘靖北(bei)教(jiao)授(shou)认(ren)(ren)为,《决(jue)议》坚(jian)持辩证唯物(wu)主(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)和(he)历(li)史(shi)(shi)(shi)唯物(wu)主(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)方(fang)法论(lun),坚(jian)持正确党(dang)(dang)史(shi)(shi)(shi)观,树立大(da)(da)历(li)史(shi)(shi)(shi)观,聚焦(jiao)总结(jie)党(dang)(dang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)百(bai)年奋(fen)斗(dou)重(zhong)大(da)(da)成(cheng)就(jiu)(jiu)和(he)历(li)史(shi)(shi)(shi)经验(yan),体现(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)了(le)(le)党(dang)(dang)中(zhong)央对(dui)党(dang)(dang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)百(bai)年奋(fen)斗(dou)的(de)(de)(de)(de)新认(ren)(ren)识(shi),是一篇光(guang)辉的(de)(de)(de)(de)马(ma)克(ke)思主(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)纲领(ling)性文献(xian),是新时(shi)(shi)代(dai)中(zhong)国共产党(dang)(dang)人牢记初心(xin)使命(ming)、坚(jian)持和(he)发展中(zhong)国特(te)色社(she)会主(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)政治宣言,是以(yi)史(shi)(shi)(shi)为鉴、开创(chuang)未来、实(shi)(shi)现(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)中(zhong)华民族(zu)伟(wei)大(da)(da)复兴的(de)(de)(de)(de)行动指(zhi)南,具有重(zhong)大(da)(da)的(de)(de)(de)(de)理论(lun)意(yi)义(yi)(yi)(yi)、政治意(yi)义(yi)(yi)(yi)和(he)实(shi)(shi)践意(yi)义(yi)(yi)(yi)。他认(ren)(ren)为,六中(zhong)全会以(yi)党(dang)(dang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)《决(jue)议》的(de)(de)(de)(de)形式(shi)(shi),以(yi)四(si)(si)个(ge)(ge)(ge)伟(wei)大(da)(da)成(cheng)就(jiu)(jiu)标定百(bai)年党(dang)(dang)史(shi)(shi)(shi)四(si)(si)个(ge)(ge)(ge)历(li)史(shi)(shi)(shi)时(shi)(shi)期(qi)(qi),将(jiang)百(bai)年党(dang)(dang)史(shi)(shi)(shi)正式(shi)(shi)划(hua)分为新民主(zhu)主(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)革(ge)命(ming)时(shi)(shi)期(qi)(qi)、社(she)会主(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)革(ge)命(ming)和(he)建设(she)时(shi)(shi)期(qi)(qi)、改革(ge)开放和(he)社(she)会主(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)现(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)代(dai)化建设(she)新时(shi)(shi)期(qi)(qi),中(zhong)国特(te)色社(she)会主(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)进入新时(shi)(shi)代(dai)“四(si)(si)个(ge)(ge)(ge)历(li)史(shi)(shi)(shi)时(shi)(shi)期(qi)(qi)”,取得了(le)(le)四(si)(si)个(ge)(ge)(ge)伟(wei)大(da)(da)成(cheng)就(jiu)(jiu),实(shi)(shi)现(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)了(le)(le)四(si)(si)个(ge)(ge)(ge)伟(wei)大(da)(da)飞(fei)跃(yue),发出四(si)(si)个(ge)(ge)(ge)庄严宣告,还有马(ma)克(ke)思主(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)中(zhong)国化的(de)(de)(de)(de)三(san)次飞(fei)跃(yue),体现(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)了(le)(le)正确党(dang)(dang)史(shi)(shi)(shi)观、大(da)(da)历(li)史(shi)(shi)(shi)观,体现(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)了(le)(le)党(dang)(dang)中(zhong)央对(dui)党(dang)(dang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)百(bai)年奋(fen)斗(dou)的(de)(de)(de)(de)新认(ren)(ren)识(shi),是我们党(dang)(dang)总结(jie)党(dang)(dang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)百(bai)年奋(fen)斗(dou)重(zhong)大(da)(da)成(cheng)就(jiu)(jiu)和(he)历(li)史(shi)(shi)(shi)经验(yan)取得的(de)(de)(de)(de)重(zhong)大(da)(da)历(li)史(shi)(shi)(shi)成(cheng)果。

马克思主义(yi)“六性”与“马克思主义(yi)为什(shen)么(me)行”

中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)(gong)上海市委党(dang)(dang)校教育(yu)长罗峰教授认为(wei),六中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)全会是(shi)在(zai)十四五开(kai)局之(zhi)年(nian)、全面建(jian)设社会主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)现(xian)(xian)(xian)代(dai)化(hua)强国(guo)(guo)(guo)开(kai)启(qi)之(zhi)际(ji)召开(kai)的(de)(de)(de)(de)具(ju)有(you)深远(yuan)历史意义(yi)(yi)(yi)、重要现(xian)(xian)(xian)实(shi)意义(yi)(yi)(yi)和(he)重大(da)(da)理(li)论(lun)(lun)意义(yi)(yi)(yi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)一(yi)次盛会。一(yi)百年(nian)来,中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)共(gong)(gong)产(chan)(chan)党(dang)(dang)带(dai)领(ling)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)人民(min)历经革命(ming)、建(jian)设和(he)改革所(suo)取得的(de)(de)(de)(de)历史性(xing)成就、所(suo)探索的(de)(de)(de)(de)符(fu)合(he)(he)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)情(qing)的(de)(de)(de)(de)发展(zhan)道路,都是(shi)在(zai)党(dang)(dang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)领(ling)导(dao)下(xia)、在(zai)马(ma)(ma)克(ke)(ke)思(si)(si)(si)(si)主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)理(li)论(lun)(lun)指引下(xia)取得和(he)形(xing)成的(de)(de)(de)(de),是(shi)马(ma)(ma)克(ke)(ke)思(si)(si)(si)(si)主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)与中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)情(qing)相(xiang)结合(he)(he)的(de)(de)(de)(de)产(chan)(chan)物(wu),是(shi)理(li)论(lun)(lun)能产(chan)(chan)生现(xian)(xian)(xian)实(shi)物(wu)质力量(liang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)生动例(li)证(zheng),充(chong)分彰(zhang)显了(le)马(ma)(ma)克(ke)(ke)思(si)(si)(si)(si)主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)科学性(xing)和(he)真理(li)性(xing)、人民(min)性(xing)和(he)实(shi)践性(xing)、开(kai)放性(xing)和(he)时(shi)(shi)代(dai)性(xing),也(ye)说明了(le)马(ma)(ma)克(ke)(ke)思(si)(si)(si)(si)主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)是(shi)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)华(hua)(hua)(hua)民(min)族伟(wei)大(da)(da)复(fu)兴(xing)的(de)(de)(de)(de)内生性(xing)需要。这(zhei)种(zhong)内生性(xing)体(ti)现(xian)(xian)(xian)在(zai)“两个结合(he)(he)”的(de)(de)(de)(de)论(lun)(lun)述(shu)上,即“把(ba)马(ma)(ma)克(ke)(ke)思(si)(si)(si)(si)主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)基本原理(li)同(tong)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)具(ju)体(ti)实(shi)际(ji)相(xiang)结合(he)(he)、同(tong)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)华(hua)(hua)(hua)优秀传统文化(hua)相(xiang)结合(he)(he)”。关于马(ma)(ma)克(ke)(ke)思(si)(si)(si)(si)主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)六方面特性(xing)的(de)(de)(de)(de)论(lun)(lun)述(shu),体(ti)现(xian)(xian)(xian)了(le)重大(da)(da)的(de)(de)(de)(de)理(li)论(lun)(lun)创新。在(zai)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)共(gong)(gong)产(chan)(chan)党(dang)(dang)奋(fen)进的(de)(de)(de)(de)百年(nian)征程(cheng)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),马(ma)(ma)克(ke)(ke)思(si)(si)(si)(si)主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)共(gong)(gong)产(chan)(chan)党(dang)(dang)和(he)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)华(hua)(hua)(hua)民(min)族伟(wei)大(da)(da)的(de)(de)(de)(de)复(fu)兴(xing)就这(zhei)样逻辑性(xing)地关联在(zai)一(yi)起,即中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)华(hua)(hua)(hua)民(min)族伟(wei)大(da)(da)复(fu)兴(xing)离不开(kai)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)共(gong)(gong)产(chan)(chan)党(dang)(dang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)领(ling)导(dao),而党(dang)(dang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)领(ling)导(dao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)有(you)效性(xing)最重要来源是(shi)马(ma)(ma)克(ke)(ke)思(si)(si)(si)(si)主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)及(ji)其(qi)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)化(hua)理(li)论(lun)(lun)。习近平(ping)新时(shi)(shi)代(dai)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)特色(se)社会主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)思(si)(si)(si)(si)想是(shi)当(dang)代(dai)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)马(ma)(ma)克(ke)(ke)思(si)(si)(si)(si)主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)、二(er)十一(yi)世纪马(ma)(ma)克(ke)(ke)思(si)(si)(si)(si)主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi),是(shi)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)华(hua)(hua)(hua)文化(hua)和(he)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)精(jing)神的(de)(de)(de)(de)时(shi)(shi)代(dai)精(jing)华(hua)(hua)(hua),实(shi)现(xian)(xian)(xian)了(le)马(ma)(ma)克(ke)(ke)思(si)(si)(si)(si)主(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)(yi)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)化(hua)新的(de)(de)(de)(de)飞跃(yue),这(zhei)种(zhong)理(li)论(lun)(lun)定位(wei)对新时(shi)(shi)代(dai)党(dang)(dang)和(he)国(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)事业发展(zhan)、对推进中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)华(hua)(hua)(hua)民(min)族伟(wei)大(da)(da)复(fu)兴(xing)的(de)(de)(de)(de)历史进程(cheng)具(ju)有(you)决定性(xing)意义(yi)(yi)(yi)。

弄(nong)明白(bai)“中国共产党为什(shen)么能(neng)”的(de)内在(zai)逻(luo)辑

上海体(ti)(ti)(ti)育学院(yuan)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)委书(shu)记、马(ma)克思主(zhu)义(yi)(yi)学院(yuan)院(yuan)长李(li)崟认为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei),六中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)全(quan)会(hui)通过(guo)对党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)的(de)(de)(de)百年(nian)历史的(de)(de)(de)全(quan)面深刻(ke)总结(jie),进一步凝聚共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)识、继续奋斗(dou),不(bu)忘初心(xin)、牢(lao)记使(shi)(shi)命(ming)(ming),带领(ling)全(quan)体(ti)(ti)(ti)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)华(hua)(hua)儿女在(zai)(zai)(zai)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)华(hua)(hua)民(min)(min)(min)(min)族(zu)伟(wei)大(da)复(fu)(fu)兴(xing)的(de)(de)(de)新征程上,走(zou)(zou)好新时(shi)(shi)代的(de)(de)(de)赶考路。为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)此,要弄(nong)明(ming)白“中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)产(chan)(chan)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)什么能”的(de)(de)(de)内(nei)在(zai)(zai)(zai)逻(luo)辑。这个内(nei)在(zai)(zai)(zai)逻(luo)辑,体(ti)(ti)(ti)现在(zai)(zai)(zai)四(si)个方(fang)面:一是(shi)在(zai)(zai)(zai)理想(xiang)(xiang)信(xin)念方(fang)面,“革(ge)(ge)命(ming)(ming)理想(xiang)(xiang)高(gao)于天”。中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)产(chan)(chan)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)创(chuang)(chuang)造性地(di)将党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)的(de)(de)(de)领(ling)导(dao)(dao)地(di)位(wei)、根(gen)本宗(zong)旨、先锋性质等内(nei)蕴于中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)华(hua)(hua)民(min)(min)(min)(min)族(zu)“站起(qi)(qi)来—富(fu)起(qi)(qi)来—强起(qi)(qi)来”的(de)(de)(de)伟(wei)大(da)历史进程中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),将中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)产(chan)(chan)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)人(ren)(ren)的(de)(de)(de)初心(xin)和使(shi)(shi)命(ming)(ming)定位(wei)为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)“为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)人(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)谋(mou)幸福,为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)华(hua)(hua)民(min)(min)(min)(min)族(zu)谋(mou)复(fu)(fu)兴(xing)”,并(bing)将其内(nei)置于共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)产(chan)(chan)主(zhu)义(yi)(yi)远(yuan)大(da)理想(xiang)(xiang)和中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)特(te)色社会(hui)主(zhu)义(yi)(yi)共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)同理想(xiang)(xiang)。二是(shi)在(zai)(zai)(zai)指导(dao)(dao)思想(xiang)(xiang)方(fang)面,“归根(gen)结(jie)底是(shi)马(ma)克思主(zhu)义(yi)(yi)行(xing)(xing)(xing)”。 马(ma)克思主(zhu)义(yi)(yi)让中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)华(hua)(hua)民(min)(min)(min)(min)族(zu)复(fu)(fu)兴(xing)伟(wei)业有了明(ming)确的(de)(de)(de)方(fang)向,使(shi)(shi)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)华(hua)(hua)民(min)(min)(min)(min)族(zu)在(zai)(zai)(zai)精神上从(cong)(cong)被动(dong)走(zou)(zou)向主(zhu)动(dong),是(shi)马(ma)克思列宁主(zhu)义(yi)(yi)、毛(mao)泽东思想(xiang)(xiang)引导(dao)(dao)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)人(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)走(zou)(zou)出(chu)了漫漫长夜,建立了新中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo);是(shi)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)特(te)色社会(hui)主(zhu)义(yi)(yi)使(shi)(shi)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)快速发展起(qi)(qi)来了;同时(shi)(shi),中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)产(chan)(chan)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)坚持(chi)不(bu)断(duan)推进马(ma)克思主(zhu)义(yi)(yi)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)化,不(bu)断(duan)开创(chuang)(chuang)马(ma)克思主(zhu)义(yi)(yi)发展的(de)(de)(de)新境界。三是(shi)在(zai)(zai)(zai)人(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)立场(chang)(chang)方(fang)面,“江(jiang)山就(jiu)是(shi)人(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min),人(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)就(jiu)是(shi)江(jiang)山”。党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)来自(zi)人(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)、植(zhi)根(gen)人(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)、服务人(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min),人(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)立场(chang)(chang)是(shi)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)产(chan)(chan)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)的(de)(de)(de)根(gen)本政治立场(chang)(chang),是(shi)马(ma)克思主(zhu)义(yi)(yi)政党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)区(qu)别于其他政党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)的(de)(de)(de)显著标(biao)志。面向新征程,必(bi)须(xu)紧紧依(yi)靠人(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)创(chuang)(chuang)造历史,坚持(chi)全(quan)心(xin)全(quan)意为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)人(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)服务的(de)(de)(de)根(gen)本宗(zong)旨,站稳人(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)立场(chang)(chang),践行(xing)(xing)(xing)以人(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)的(de)(de)(de)发展思想(xiang)(xiang),推动(dong)人(ren)(ren)的(de)(de)(de)全(quan)面发展、全(quan)体(ti)(ti)(ti)人(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)共(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)同富(fu)裕(yu)取得更为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)明(ming)显的(de)(de)(de)实(shi)质性进展。四(si)是(shi)在(zai)(zai)(zai)自(zi)我(wo)革(ge)(ge)命(ming)(ming)层面,“打铁还需自(zi)身(shen)硬”。在(zai)(zai)(zai)进行(xing)(xing)(xing)社会(hui)革(ge)(ge)命(ming)(ming)的(de)(de)(de)同时(shi)(shi)不(bu)断(duan)进行(xing)(xing)(xing)自(zi)我(wo)革(ge)(ge)命(ming)(ming),是(shi)我(wo)们(men)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)区(qu)别于其他政党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)最(zui)显著的(de)(de)(de)标(biao)志,也是(shi)我(wo)们(men)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)不(bu)断(duan)从(cong)(cong)胜利走(zou)(zou)向新的(de)(de)(de)胜利的(de)(de)(de)关键所在(zai)(zai)(zai)。我(wo)们(men)要增强全(quan)面从(cong)(cong)严治党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)永远(yuan)在(zai)(zai)(zai)路上的(de)(de)(de)政治自(zi)觉,确保党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)不(bu)变质、不(bu)变色、不(bu)变味,确保党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)在(zai)(zai)(zai)新时(shi)(shi)代坚持(chi)和发展中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)特(te)色社会(hui)主(zhu)义(yi)(yi)的(de)(de)(de)历史进程中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)始终成为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)坚强领(ling)导(dao)(dao)核心(xin)。

马克思主义中国化飞(fei)跃与中国现代(dai)精神谱系建构

国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)防大(da)(da)学政治学院(yuan)孙力教授认(ren)为,我们要(yao)深刻理(li)解和(he)把握马(ma)(ma)克(ke)(ke)(ke)(ke)(ke)思(si)(si)(si)(si)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)化飞跃(yue)(yue)对中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)现(xian)(xian)代(dai)(dai)精(jing)(jing)神(shen)谱系(xi)建(jian)构(gou)(gou)的(de)(de)(de)(de)意义(yi)(yi)。马(ma)(ma)克(ke)(ke)(ke)(ke)(ke)思(si)(si)(si)(si)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)化和(he)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)人民的(de)(de)(de)(de)精(jing)(jing)神(shen)进程是紧紧连在一(yi)起(qi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)。中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)近(jin)代(dai)(dai)文(wen)(wen)化转型时(shi)(shi)(shi)期(qi)也正(zheng)是中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)共(gong)产党(dang)(dang)(dang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)创(chuang)立时(shi)(shi)(shi)期(qi),此(ci)时(shi)(shi)(shi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)共(gong)产党(dang)(dang)(dang)人不仅正(zheng)确选择了(le)(le)(le)马(ma)(ma)克(ke)(ke)(ke)(ke)(ke)思(si)(si)(si)(si)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)作为指导思(si)(si)(si)(si)想(xiang),同时(shi)(shi)(shi)大(da)(da)力推进马(ma)(ma)克(ke)(ke)(ke)(ke)(ke)思(si)(si)(si)(si)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)同中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)具体实(shi)际相结合(he),提(ti)出(chu)了(le)(le)(le)马(ma)(ma)克(ke)(ke)(ke)(ke)(ke)思(si)(si)(si)(si)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)化的(de)(de)(de)(de)重要(yao)命题(ti),这次(ci)结合(he)产生了(le)(le)(le)毛泽东思(si)(si)(si)(si)想(xiang),实(shi)现(xian)(xian)了(le)(le)(le)马(ma)(ma)克(ke)(ke)(ke)(ke)(ke)思(si)(si)(si)(si)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)化的(de)(de)(de)(de)第一(yi)次(ci)历(li)史性飞跃(yue)(yue),带来(lai)了(le)(le)(le)对整(zheng)个(ge)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)华民族文(wen)(wen)化转型的(de)(de)(de)(de)引(yin)领。改革(ge)开放和(he)社(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)现(xian)(xian)代(dai)(dai)化建(jian)设(she)(she)新时(shi)(shi)(shi)期(qi),党(dang)(dang)(dang)从新的(de)(de)(de)(de)实(shi)践和(he)时(shi)(shi)(shi)代(dai)(dai)特(te)征出(chu)发坚持(chi)和(he)发展(zhan)马(ma)(ma)克(ke)(ke)(ke)(ke)(ke)思(si)(si)(si)(si)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi),形(xing)成(cheng)邓小(xiao)平理(li)论(lun)、“三个(ge)代(dai)(dai)表”重要(yao)思(si)(si)(si)(si)想(xiang)、科学发展(zhan)观为主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)要(yao)内容的(de)(de)(de)(de)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)特(te)色(se)(se)社(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)理(li)论(lun)体系(xi),实(shi)现(xian)(xian)了(le)(le)(le)马(ma)(ma)克(ke)(ke)(ke)(ke)(ke)思(si)(si)(si)(si)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)化新的(de)(de)(de)(de)飞跃(yue)(yue),为中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)特(te)色(se)(se)社(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)道路的(de)(de)(de)(de)开拓提(ti)供了(le)(le)(le)非(fei)常重要(yao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)文(wen)(wen)化建(jian)构(gou)(gou)导向(xiang),推动精(jing)(jing)神(shen)文(wen)(wen)明和(he)社(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)文(wen)(wen)化发展(zhan),形(xing)成(cheng)了(le)(le)(le)建(jian)设(she)(she)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)特(te)色(se)(se)社(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)良好(hao)文(wen)(wen)化氛围。习(xi)近(jin)平新时(shi)(shi)(shi)代(dai)(dai)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)特(te)色(se)(se)社(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)思(si)(si)(si)(si)想(xiang)再次(ci)实(shi)现(xian)(xian)了(le)(le)(le)马(ma)(ma)克(ke)(ke)(ke)(ke)(ke)思(si)(si)(si)(si)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)化新的(de)(de)(de)(de)飞跃(yue)(yue),通(tong)过确立社(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)核心价值观,提(ti)出(chu)伟(wei)大(da)(da)建(jian)党(dang)(dang)(dang)精(jing)(jing)神(shen)等,为建(jian)设(she)(she)社(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)现(xian)(xian)代(dai)(dai)化强国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)建(jian)构(gou)(gou)一(yi)个(ge)精(jing)(jing)神(shen)谱系(xi),用党(dang)(dang)(dang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)思(si)(si)(si)(si)想(xiang)理(li)论(lun)引(yin)领社(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)文(wen)(wen)化,引(yin)领中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)华民族,引(yin)领每(mei)一(yi)个(ge)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)人为建(jian)设(she)(she)社(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)义(yi)(yi)现(xian)(xian)代(dai)(dai)化强国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)而奋斗。

中(zhong)国共产(chan)党重大(da)历史关头凝(ning)神聚力的特(te)殊方式

国(guo)防大学(xue)政治学(xue)院(yuan)何怀远教授(shou)认为,历(li)(li)(li)史(shi)(shi)(shi)决(jue)议是(shi)中(zhong)国(guo)共(gong)(gong)产党(dang)(dang)(dang)重(zhong)(zhong)大历(li)(li)(li)史(shi)(shi)(shi)关(guan)头凝神聚力的(de)(de)(de)(de)特(te)殊(shu)方(fang)式,中(zhong)国(guo)共(gong)(gong)产党(dang)(dang)(dang)一(yi)百年来(lai)作了三次重(zhong)(zhong)要的(de)(de)(de)(de)历(li)(li)(li)史(shi)(shi)(shi)决(jue)议,这是(shi)中(zhong)国(guo)共(gong)(gong)产党(dang)(dang)(dang)自(zi)(zi)身建设以及(ji)从(cong)(cong)事革命(ming)建设改革实践(jian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)重(zhong)(zhong)要创举。学(xue)习《决(jue)议》的(de)(de)(de)(de)重(zhong)(zhong)大意义,一(yi)方(fang)面,是(shi)通过(guo)正(zheng)确(que)认识历(li)(li)(li)史(shi)(shi)(shi)统一(yi)当下思想认识,引(yin)导和(he)凝聚社会共(gong)(gong)识,我们(men)要坚持(chi)唯物(wu)史(shi)(shi)(shi)观和(he)正(zheng)确(que)党(dang)(dang)(dang)史(shi)(shi)(shi)观,从(cong)(cong)党(dang)(dang)(dang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)百年奋(fen)斗(dou)中(zhong)看清(qing)(qing)楚过(guo)去我们(men)为什么(me)能(neng)够成(cheng)(cheng)功,弄明(ming)白未(wei)来(lai)我们(men)怎(zen)样才能(neng)继续成(cheng)(cheng)功,从(cong)(cong)而更加坚定、更加自(zi)(zi)觉践(jian)行初心(xin)(xin)使命(ming),在(zai)(zai)新时代更好坚持(chi)和(he)发展(zhan)中(zhong)国(guo)特(te)色(se)社会主义。另一(yi)方(fang)面,是(shi)通过(guo)把握历(li)(li)(li)史(shi)(shi)(shi)经(jing)(jing)验(yan)和(he)历(li)(li)(li)史(shi)(shi)(shi)规律(lv)(lv),认清(qing)(qing)历(li)(li)(li)史(shi)(shi)(shi)大势,引(yin)导历(li)(li)(li)史(shi)(shi)(shi)趋(qu)(qu)势,从(cong)(cong)而赢得未(wei)来(lai)。要在(zai)(zai)对历(li)(li)(li)史(shi)(shi)(shi)经(jing)(jing)验(yan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)总结中(zhong)进一(yi)步提升对历(li)(li)(li)史(shi)(shi)(shi)规律(lv)(lv)的(de)(de)(de)(de)认识,根据历(li)(li)(li)史(shi)(shi)(shi)规律(lv)(lv)存在(zai)(zai)的(de)(de)(de)(de)条件,判断未(wei)来(lai)的(de)(de)(de)(de)发展(zhan)趋(qu)(qu)势。今天我们(men)研究、学(xue)习《决(jue)议》,就是(shi)要善(shan)于从(cong)(cong)党(dang)(dang)(dang)对历(li)(li)(li)史(shi)(shi)(shi)规律(lv)(lv)的(de)(de)(de)(de)把握和(he)对历(li)(li)(li)史(shi)(shi)(shi)趋(qu)(qu)势的(de)(de)(de)(de)判断中(zhong),与(yu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)中(zhong)央同(tong)心(xin)(xin)同(tong)德、同(tong)心(xin)(xin)协力,做(zuo)出我们(men)每(mei)个(ge)人(ren)应有的(de)(de)(de)(de)贡(gong)献。

 

 

 

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